Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It

Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
TATAMI MATS - image courtesy of The Futon Shop
Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
A TATAMI ROOM. Image Courtesy of japanesebeds.org.

What are Tatami Mats Made Of

In History, tatami mats is supposed to be made with rice straw. It is also thin and fold able straw mats where the name tatamu, meaning to fold or to file, was given. However, as times changed, the modern tatami is now made with Igusa, or rush, and cloth. A newly made tatami is color green but turns yellow as it ages.

Tatami mats must be 90 mm x 1820 mm in size and since it needs to be woven in, woven mats are produced by machines. For instance, one mat needs 4000 to 7000 rush which a machine will weave for an hour and a half. However, there are four tatami sizes; Kyouma, Chuukyouma, Edoma and Danchima. Despite having standard sizes, it is important to note that tatami mats are made to fit the space of the room, it is not the room that will adjust to the mat.

Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
TATAMI MATS BEING MADE WITH MACHINES. Image Courtesy of Tsunagu Japan and PIXTA.
Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
TATAMI MAT ARRANGEMENT. Image Courtesy of Tsunagu Japan and PIXTA.

How to Arrange and Maintain the Quality of Tatami Mats

In a normal household, Shyugi Shiki is the most popular way of arranging tatami mats. It is an arrangement where the four corners of the mat does not gather in one spot. On the other hand, funerals and other somber and unfortunate events use Fushyugi Shiki arrangement to avoid bad luck.

Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
TWO KINDS OF TATAMI ARRANGEMENT. Image Courtesy of Tsunagu Japan and PIXTA.
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Using a Tatami mat, everyone must follow the proper etiquette and maintenance to preserve the material. Most important to remember is that no one is allowed to wear any footwear inside a tatami room. This is to keep the mats clean. Also, the formal way of sitting down in a tatami mat, or in Japan in general, is called Seiza, or bending your legs and sitting down on them. The more casual way is crossing your legs.

Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
SEIZA SITTING. Image Courtesy of Tsunagu Japan and PIXTA.

In addition, tatami mats are weak to humidity since it is prone to molding. To prevent molds and to keep the mats clean, a vacuum set in Tatami mode and a dry cloth will help to remove dust since it is impossible to clean the mats entirely. The life span of a Tatami mat is five to six years but if the mat is starting yellow, you can reverse it or you can replace.

Tatami Mats: Traditional Beds in Japanese Homes and How to Use It
VACUUM CLEANING OF A TATAMI MAT. Image Courtesy of Tsunagu Japan and PIXTA.

To learn more about Tatami Mats, Tsunagu Japan made an article that shares trivias and other facts to know about Tatami Mats.

Want your own Tatami Room? Or if you are planning to revamp your place, Tokyo Grand Renovation is at your service. Tokyo Grand Renovation (TGR) is a Japanese home interior design and renovation firm that focuses on designing and building luxury spaces that are stylish, elegant, and also functional using Japanese lifestyle craftsmanship. TGR is located at the heart of Makati Central District. Learn more about us here.

For inquiries, don’t hesitate to give us a call at 832 16 76, or send an e-mail at  info@tgr.com.ph.

TGRはマカティの高級インテリアデザイン、リノベーション、会社です。TGRは 住宅および商業 スペースの為のデザインと建築を提供 し ております。お問い合わせは 、02832 1676 にお電話いただくか、 電子メール info@tgr.com.ph へ送信 お願いします。

日本語で会社のウェブサイトをご覧ください:https://tgr.com.ph/ja

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